There are biological samples such as biological reagents, blood and blood derivatives, vaccines DNA, special medicines, and even flammable chemicals that cannot be adequately stored in ordinary refrigerators and freezers due to their extreme temperature condition requirements for these substances to be of use at their optimum condition; therefore, biomedical freezers and refrigerators have been designed to meet this specific need. For effective storage, commercial biomedical freezers and refrigerators are produced according to where they are to be applied, like, for instance, DNA and RNA samples must be stored at a temperature range within -70 to -80 degrees Centigrade, plasma products, blood and vaccines are effectively stored between -30 to -40 degrees Centigrade.
Biomedical freezers and refrigerators are mainly used in these areas: blood banks, hospitals, pharmacies, diagnostic clinics, research laboratories, university laboratories, etc., with the blood banks leading in the market share as a primary user of these storage utilities. Biomedical freezers and refrigerators have been typified according to use and to its market users, such that specific design and temperature conditions have been set to meet requirements, so these are the types of facilities available: blood bank refrigerators, laboratory refrigerators, plasma freezers, ultra low freezers, laboratory freezers, shock freezers, cryogenic refrigeration or storage system. Furthermore, factors that greatly demand for the need of biomedical freezers and refrigerators are due to the rise of need for blood transfusions, development of new vaccines, introduction of cellular therapies, custom-made medicines, rising establishment of research and development activities. Other equally significant factors which contribute to the growth in the business of biomedical freezers and refrigerators are the expansion of the healthcare industry and escalation of technological and infrastructural establishment of specialized hospitals and clinics. On the other hand, the presence of cheaply-made biomedical freezers and refrigerators offered by market players in other countries at a cheaper price may have contributed a constraint in its steady growth. The danger of these kinds of substandard biomedical freezers and refrigerators is that it may contribute to the risk of improper storage of blood samples and other important biological samples due to the fact that the quality of storage temperature conditions may not be properly maintained. Stringent legislations are now being established to serve as standards in the designing, manufacturing, testing, and marketing of these types of biomedical freezers and refrigerators with emphasis on safety and performance, thus requiring quality certification of these products. For these storage facilities to maintain its demand, if not further grow, in the market, the following factors are noted to be the prime reasons for its success – quality and technological factor, product pricing with its competitors, and effective distribution network.